Vulnerability scanning is the act of scrutinizing a piece of digital infrastructure, software or hardware, to identify security issues. They are a crucial component of a vulnerability management approach, increasing your chances of protecting your system against leaks, viruses, and unauthorized access.

They are often implemented using either automated or manual scanning methods, or with the help of SCA tools by JFrog. Continue reading to understand how to perform an effective vulnerability scan in your business.

Define the Target Assets

Assessment preparation and implementation cannot be left to chance. Identify and map all of your digital assets, systems, affiliated and third-party systems, processes, information technology infrastructure, devices, applications, servers, databases, content management systems, development frameworks, ports, and so on.

It is critical to find all assets connected to the network that are potentially vulnerable to an attack.

After locating the assets, the next stage is to determine which computer programs and operating systems will be examined. This might include critical applications and computer systems that are likely to be targeted by attackers.

Perform a Vulnerability Scan

After that, scan the system or network using an automated vulnerability scanning tool. Then, utilizing threat intelligence and vulnerability databases, you will be able to discover security issues and filter out false positives. When you do a vulnerability assessment utilizing automated scanning methods, you will get a list of vulnerabilities, which are usually organized in decreasing order of the amount of danger they represent.

Online application scanning tools often evaluate online applications from the outside to detect security problems such as SQL injection, cross-site scripting, and insecure server configuration.

The kind of vulnerability screening instrument you use will be determined by both your needs and your financial resources.

Create a Reporting Dashboard

A reporting dashboard consolidates data from scans, such as the number of found vulnerabilities, resolution status, and continuing dynamics of problem re-occurrence. The latter is especially significant since a dynamic chart can show you how successfully the team recognizes and resolves possible hazards. After all, you may have a very effective SOC team capable of detecting threats in real-time. 

Reporting dashboards may also help you prioritize and categorize problems based on the remediation scenario. Most of the time, a single patch update will resolve some separate vulnerability alerts. Similarly, some vulnerabilities need an immediate response. Using a dashboard allows you to concentrate your efforts on the most critical objectives.

Prioritize Vulnerabilities

The most significant issues discovered in vulnerability scans must be prioritized for detection and remediation. Critical vulnerabilities are security defects that are currently causing network damage or permitting unauthorized access to it. They should be at the top of your list of risk priorities since they provide the biggest threat. The vulnerabilities that soon follow these are the ones that might be exploited by bad actors in the future.

Even though every vulnerability must ultimately be addressed, the findings of your initial vulnerability scan will almost certainly reveal an overwhelming number of issues that you will not be able to remedy all at once. This step is critical in the process of converting the findings of your vulnerability assessment into quantifiable and usable data.

Use Results to Inform Mitigation

It is time to put your identified and prioritized strategies to remediate network security problems into action. You’ve previously discussed these challenges and your plans to solve them; now it’s time to put those ideas into action. Some of the most critical vulnerabilities in your system may be fixed by legitimate updates, while other issues may require less extensive precautionary actions. Whatever solutions you choose to apply, you should create a practice of returning to your vulnerability assessment regularly to ensure that you are addressing the proper vulnerabilities in the correct order.


Vulnerability assessments are continuing procedure. Because of the ongoing developments in technology in the present day, as well as the rising number of successful cyberattacks conducted against all major corporations, these evaluations have become the backbone of any effective information system defense.

Owing to the necessity to prioritize security vulnerabilities to deflect the most harm that may result from a successful cyberattack, this is a procedure that is mainly reliant on previously established assets and their associated risks.

The advantages of doing frequent vulnerability assessments are substantial. Vulnerability assessments help you maintain a solid security posture and contribute to the success of your company’s cyber security program by acting as an aid in the process of system hardening and being a fundamental requirement of most compliance standards.