How Do Physicians Evaluate Men’s Infertility?
A few years back, only women were convicted for not getting pregnant. But later, researchers have revealed that the poor fertility of men may also be a reason to prevent women from conceiving. Apart from this, people also believed that solely women’s fertility declined with age. However, the latest studies showed that men’s sterility and sperm count also decreased with time. The women are most fertile between 20 to 30 years of age, and men younger than forty years have higher chances of becoming fathers.
If you and your partner have been trying for conception for over 2 years and still not getting positive results, then it’s time for infertility testing. Not only is a female partner required to check her fertility, but it is also equally important to investigate the fertility of the male. The physicians will take various tests to determine the root cause of infertility and start the treatment accordingly. Generally, urologists recommend semen analysis tests to diagnose the male’s fertility.
Before discussing the test recommending physicians to evaluate sterility in men, let us have a glimpse of the major causes of infertility in men.
6 Major Causes Of Infertility In Men
- The undescended testicle is one of the key causes of sterility in men. It can lead to abnormally shaped sperm production.
- Some men have an excess of sperm cells in their semen, but they have premature ejaculation and blocked testicles.
- The excess consumption of alcoholic products and frequent smoking can also lower down the fertility levels in men.
- The high BP problem and excessive stress is another major cause of poor fertility.
- Strong medications can harm sperm formation and makes men infertile.
- Men’s fertility is also affected by sexually transmitted diseases.
How do Physicians Evaluate Male’s Fertility?
Before conducting any clinical tests, the urologist takes the physical examination of a person and asks about the medical history. For instance, they interrogate about your previous illness, chronic disease, injuries, surgical operations, etc. They can also ask you about your sexuality and libido. It is only after confirming all these aspects that they begin treatment and recommend the following tests.
- Semen Test
The semen test is also called the Sperm count test and is conducted first of all other infertility tests. Sperm analysis is carried to evaluate the number and shape of male sperm cells. If a good amount of well-shaped sperms cells are found in the seminal fluid, there is no need to worry. However, if your semen does not contain an adequate amount of sperms, then it’s a matter of concern.
Semen samples can be collected in various ways. Generally, most men give their sperm samples in a container through masturbation. But some men prefer to collect their semen during sexual intercourse in a special condom. Physicians do not rely on a single semen test; they perform 2-3 tests to validate the results.
Even though semen analysis or evaluation is the most effective way to determine infertility in men, there are myriad men whose semen contains many healthy sperms. However, they are not able to become fathers. To pinpoint such problems, doctors conduct the following tests.
- Hormone Analysis
The testosterone and follicle-stimulating hormone are responsible for producing healthy sperms cells. The abnormality in these hormones can decrease the male’s fertility. Therefore, many times urologists suggest blood tests to appraise the levels of these hormones.
- Scrotal Ultrasound
Scrotal ultrasound is also called Sonography and is used to examine the scrotum. It helps to find out the cause behind the enlargement of testicles.
- Genetic Evaluation
Some men suffer from many genetic disorders and diseases. This can also be the major cause of low sperms concentration in seminal fluid. Genetic evaluation is recommended to diagnose inherited syndromes that can affect the fertility of men.
Recommended Reading :
- When Should You Reach Out to a Fertility Clinic?
- Signs and Symptoms of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
- 4 Ways Alcohol Will Negatively Affect Your Hormonal System
The Bottom Line:
If you are also facing fertility complications, search for the “semen analysis test near me” on Google and seek the help of a urologist as soon as possible.