Cancer Treatment

The disease Cancer is a name that creates a sense of fear among people. Although in today’s era this fear has reduced to a great extent because of advancement in the cutting-edge technology of treating cancer easily and effectively. Cancer is considered as the rarest disease among all the other types of disease existing around the globe. The number is huge when it comes to death caused due to cancer. One of the deadliest types of disease is the tumour in the colon and rectum called colorectal.

Colorectal cancer is also the growth of tumour in the large intestine. Colorectal cancer begins when healthy cells in the lining of the colon or rectum start to change and grow out of control, forming a mass called a tumour. A tumour is either cancerous or benign. In case of a cancerous colorectal tumour, the tumour is malignant which means that these tumours can spread to other parts of the body. And in case of a benign tumour, it is a cancerous tumour but the main thing about this type of tumour is that it does not spread to other parts of the body.

Colorectal cancer tumour is found more in women than in men. These types of tumours generally take time to develop.

Colorectal polyps

Colorectal cancer often begins as a polyp, a non-cancerous growth that might develop on the inner wall of the colon or rectum as people get older. If not treated or removed early, a polyp can become a potentially life-threatening cancer. Finding and removing precancerous polyps can decrease the danger of getting affected by colorectal cancer.

Dr Sandeep Nayak, one of the best oncologist in Bangalore and a senior oncologist at Fortis hospital, always suggests his patients to go for screening often so that any type of disease including cancer can be detected fast so that the treatment can be started faster.


  • Bleeding of the rectal or blood in your stool
  • Continuous pain in your stomach.
  • Weakness and fatigue where you feel very lazy and tired.
  • Change in the bowel habits which include unexpected constipation.
  • A lump in the abdomen or the back passage felt by your doctor

In many cases, these symptoms are not experienced by the patient in the early stage of colorectal cancer. But when symptoms start to appear, these depend on the size and stage of the colorectal tumor.

Risk Factors

According to Dr Sandeep Nayak, Bangalore’s leading surgical oncologist and the most versatile cancer doctor in Bangalore, India, the risk factors associated with colorectal cancer are  :

Smoking- According to different studies conducted across the globe, people who smoke are at more risk of getting diagnosed with colorectal cancer than non -smokers.

No Physical Activity/Obesity- People who do not exercise regularly or live an unhealthy lifestyle or the ones who are obese are more prone to be hit by colorectal cancer.

Gender- There is a slightly high risk for men to be diagnosed with colorectal cancer than women.

Age- Colorectal cancer can occur in people of all age groups. But people over the age of 50years are at more risk of getting affected by colorectal cancer. In the case of rectal cancer, 63years for both men and women for both men and women. However, in the case of colon cancer the majority of people getting hit by colon cancer are 68 in the case of men and 72 in case of women.

Hereditary or Family History of Colorectal cancer- If you have a family history of colorectal cancer, then there is a high chance that the individual will be diagnosed with colorectal cancer. The negative thing about having a family history of cancer, the chances are double that you will be diagnosed with cancer.

Race- The highest number of deaths caused due to colorectal cancer are of black people. Black women are more prone to cancer than any other women of different racial or colour of skin.

Nutrition- If a patient consumes more amount of red meat in his/her diet, the chances are high of being colorectal cancer.

Alcohol- Extensive consumption of alcohol increases the risk of colorectal cancer.

Now you have learnt about colorectal cancer let us brief you the parts of colorectal cancer

1) Colon cancer 

2) Rectal cancer 

Colon cancer 

Colon cancer can be categorized as the abnormal growth of the cancerous cell in the colon which is the part of the large of the intestine. Symptoms of colon cancer may not occur initially but it can be experienced in the later stages of the colon cancer.

The types of colon cancer are

  • Ascending colon 
  • Transverse colon
  • Descending colon
  • Sigmoid colon

Rectum cancer 

Rectal cancer is the growth of cancerous tumor in the last 16 inches of the large intestine. Rectal is the organ situated behind the pelvis area. Rectum cancer is generally found in the lower part of the colon. In most cases, rectal cancer takes years to develop. Robotic surgery and laparoscopy surgery is the best surgery option for treating rectal cancer as the organ being situated within the internal parts and difficult to reach. These surgeries make it easy for the surgeon to reach those parts with better precision.

Robotic Sphincter preserving surgery for rectal cancers (ISR)  – One of the ultra- modern and the most efficient surgical treatment for eliminating colorectal cancer. 

Robotic surgery is the new advanced surgical process for colorectal cancer which has gained popularity among different cancer surgery. Robots have helped not only patients but also helped the doctor to carry out surgery with ease and perfection. Robots have helped the doctors to reach organs which are deeply located inside the body.

Earlier in the old days, colorectal cancer was being treated by the conventional surgery which was very complicated and used to take a long time to recover for the patient. But the invention of laparoscopy and robotic has opened new flood gates in the treatment of colorectal cancer. The use of robotics and laparoscopic has helped the cancer specialist to preserve the colon and rectum organ. The magnified images of the organs not only helps the cancer specialist to preserve the organ, but it also helps to preserve the smooth functioning of urine and sexual function.

Dr. Sandeep Nayak – The savior to many cancer survivors not only in India but worldwide.

In today era especially in India people look up a doctor as good because he is the one who can treat a patient and bring back the patient from a diseased condition to a normal condition.

One such cancer specialist who has proven his worth in providing appropriate treatment to all the patients who visit him is Dr Sandeep Nayak. He has been considered to be the best oncologist in Bangalore who has been extensively using laparoscopy as well as robotics to treat cancer.

In the early days people were not too acquainted to laparoscopy and robotics but it was Dr Nayak who firstly started the MACS Clinic, Bangalore. This clinic has all the modern machines and equipment’s required for performing advanced cancer surgery, which is why he is regarded as one of the best oncologist in India.

It is difficult to find a cancer specialist in India who is as versatile as Dr Sandeep Nayak. He treats all his patients with utmost affection as he might give to his family members. He solves all the queries and provides the patient with all the information related to cancer and the surgery which will be used to eliminate this tumour.

He has earned his fellowship in laparoscopy and robotic surgeries. This has driven him to carry out more and more surgeries using this advanced technique. Not only Dr Nayak carries out laparoscopy and robotic surgery, but he also believes in spreading his knowledge about this subject matter of laparoscopy and robotics surgery to all the people who want to practice laparoscopy and robotics surgery.

When the latest technology was not bought into practice in the treatment of cancer, it was Dr Sandeep Nayak who initiated surgeries using this advanced surgery. He had started a clinic called MACS in Bangalore which had all the advanced machines and equipment for performing minimally invasive surgery.